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The Tesla Model X in Euro NCAP's offset deformable barrier test
The Tesla Model X in Euro NCAP's offset deformable barrier test

Press release -

Tesla Model X surges ahead of Porsche Taycan on safety, Jeep Renegade posts 2019 rating low

  • Tesla Model X and Porsche Taycan receive five-star Euro NCAP ratings, but the “devil’s in the detail” according to Thatcham Research 
  • Five-star ratings for the Audi Q7, Ford Kuga, Ford Mondeo, Peugeot 2008 (with safety pack), Renault Captur, Škoda Octavia and Subaru Forester
  • Jeep Renegade the first to receive a three-star Euro NCAP rating in 2019
  • Side door of the four-star Volkswagen Sharan detaches during impact testing, presenting risk of occupant ejection

Two of the year’s most talked about electric vehicles, the Porsche Taycan and Tesla Model X, have been tested by Euro NCAP and although both received five-star ratings, the Tesla Model X showed stronger safety performance in key assessment categories.

With its 98% score in Adult Occupant Protection (AOP) and 94% in Safety Assist – the category which assesses safety technology – the Tesla Model X is one of the safest cars of the year. The Porsche Taycan meanwhile achieved 85% in AOP and 83% in Safety Assist.

Matthew Avery, director of research, Thatcham Research and Euro NCAP board member comments, “The devil’s in the detail when you compare the Euro NCAP assessments of the Tesla Model X and Porsche Taycan. Both are safe cars, but the Tesla Model X is the stand-out.”

It’s 94% Safety Assist score matches the result achieved by the Tesla Model 3 earlier in 2019. This remains the best result in the category by some margin, although the 83% score achieved by the Porsche Taycan is now the second highest Safety Assist score this year.

“Tesla has long touted its cars as some of the safest on the market and given the performance of the Tesla Model 3 and Model X in Euro NCAP testing, they might just be right,” added Avery. “However, the brand’s tendency to overstate the autonomous capability of its driver support systems remains a concern. These systems are leaders in crash avoidance, but drivers should not be encouraged to over-rely on them and must stay attentive at all times.”

The Tesla Model X achieved its category leading score for a variety of reasons, according to Avery. “The car performed exceedingly well in most assessments of its safety technologies,” he said. “Where the Autonomous Emergency Braking systems fitted to some vehicles struggle to identify impact targets and brake too late, the Tesla Model X does so very early and brakes intelligently. Multiple cameras on the front, side and b-pillar, combine with radar to give it state-of-the-art performance.”

Jeep Renegade goes off track

While most vehicles tested in 2019 have achieved five-star Euro NCAP ratings, the Jeep Renegade has become the first to receive three-stars.

“Jeep’s record in Euro NCAP testing is variable, to say the least,” comments Avery. “Last year the Jeep Wrangler was given a one-star rating, one of the lowest ever seen. The 2019 Jeep Cherokee was an improvement, but the Jeep Renegade shows the brand falling behind on safety again. Just compare it to the safety performance of the Mazda CX-30, which is in the same class of vehicle.”

‘My door is always open’

Despite its overall four-star rating, The Volkswagen Sharan was penalised for its performance in the side pole test. The side door detached during the impact, presenting a risk of occupant ejection.

“Although the Volkswagen Sharan is an older design, families will still choose it. A structural failure of this magnitude in impact testing is disappointing,” comments Avery.

Euro NCAP test scores

Vehicle Adult Occupant Protection (%) Child Occupant Protection (%) Vulnerable Road Users (%) Safety Assist (%) Star Rating
Audi Q7 92 86 71 72 5
Ford Kuga 92 86 82 73 5
Ford Mondeo 96 87 70 73 5
Jeep Renegade 82 84 55 58 3
Peugeot 2008 (standard safety equipment) 91 84 62 68 4
Peugeot 2008 (with safety pack) 93 84 73 73 5
Porsche Taycan 85 83 70 73 5
Renault Captur 96 83 75 74 5
Škoda Octavia 92 88 73 79 5
Subaru Forester 97 91 80 78 5
Tesla Model X 98 81 72 94 5
Volkswagen Sharan 89 78 59 62 4



Thatcham Research is the independent voice of automotive safety, security & repair, advising motorists, insurers and vehicle manufacturers to help reduce accident frequency, severity and costs and to realise the vision of ‘Safer cars, fewer crashes’, while driving standards in vehicle security.

As well as its world leading crash and track research, Thatcham Research develops repair methods amongst a number of other products and services within the collision repair industry for insurers, motor manufacturers, equipment manufacturers and suppliers.

In addition, Thatcham Research has administered the Association of British Insurer’s (ABI) Group Rating system for the past 50 years. Group Rating is an advisory system intended to provide insurers with the relative risk of private cars and light commercial vehicles.

A founder member of the international Research Council for Automobile Repairs (RCAR), Thatcham Research has also been a member of the European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) since 2004.

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Safer cars, fewer crashes...

As the UK's only insurer funded automotive research centre, Thatcham Research enjoy a wide remit at the forefront of the latest vehicle technology. Thatcham's leading work in vehicle safety and security has a vital role in shaping the designs of new vehicles, whilst the centre is also seen as a key industry player at the forefront of driving standards in vehicle body repair.

Thatcham's Crash Laboratory is the only official UK crash testing centre for consumer safety body Euro NCAP and are viewed as a centre of excellence when it comes to active vehicle safety, particularly the evaluation of new Advanced Driver Assist Systems (ADAS) which provide the foundation for future vehicle autonomy.

Enjoying an increasingly global influence in both the insurance and automotive sectors, Thatcham Research expertise is in great demand with a range of opinion leaders being regularly asked to provide their experience and know-how at high profile events and in the media, living up to their reputation as ‘Experts in Safety, Security and Crash Repair’.

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